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Estate planning allows you to secure your future and ensure that your executor will distribute your assets according to your wishes. It involves making important decisions about your property, finances and healthcare preferences.

There are steps that you should take in the estate planning process.

Understand the basics

A CNBC survey reports that 67% of Americans do not have an estate plan. The first step is taking stock of your assets, which includes your home, savings, investments and personal belongings. Make a comprehensive list of everything you own, as this will serve as the foundation for your estate plan.

Designate beneficiaries

Next, determine who will inherit your assets. This may include family members, friends or charitable organizations. Clearly state the beneficiaries for each specific asset to avoid confusion or disputes in the future.

Create a will

A will is a legal document that outlines the proper distribution of your assets after your passing and allows you to appoint a guardian for any minor children. Be specific and clear in your instructions to ensure your executor carries out your wishes as intended.

Appoint a power of attorney

In the event that you become unable to make financial or healthcare decisions, it is important to designate someone you trust to act on your behalf and make important choices regarding your finances and medical care.

Establish a living will

A living will outlines your preferences for medical treatment if you become incapacitated. This can include decisions about life support, organ donation and pain management.

Consider trusts

Trusts are a powerful tool in estate planning. They allow you to set aside specific assets for designated beneficiaries, often with specific conditions or instructions. Trusts can be particularly useful for managing assets for minor children or for individuals with special needs.

Review and update your plan

Revisit your estate plan periodically to ensure it reflects your current situation and desires. Major life events such as marriages, births, divorces or significant financial changes may necessitate updates.

By taking the time to carefully consider and document your preferences, you can provide peace of mind for yourself and your loved ones. Remember, a well-crafted estate plan is a gift you leave behind, demonstrating your care and consideration for those you hold dear.